Difference between the Level of Anxiety and Self-esteem in Children With and Without Learning Difficulties in Peshawar, Pakistan
Article 4

Keywords

Anxiety, self-esteem, learning difficulties

Abstract

The present research examined difference between level of anxiety and self-esteem in children with and without learning difficulties. A sample of 100 students (N=100), 50 with learning difficulties (n=50) and 50 without learning difficulties (n=50) was taken from different public and private schools of Peshawar city. Their age range was between 6 to 11 years, which includes children of primary level classes. It was hypothesized that children with learning difficulties will have higher level of anxiety as compared to children without learning difficulties. It was also assumed that children with learning difficulties will have lower levels of self-esteem as compared to children without learning difficulties. Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety scale (RCMAS) and Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory (CSI) were administered to obtain the data. Independent samples t-test was applied to find out the difference between the scores of the two groups. The results supported the hypotheses and indicated that children with learning difficulties have higher levels of anxiety and lower levels of self-esteem as compared to children without learning difficulties.

Article 4