Difference in Perceived Childhood Parenting among Five Criminal Types
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Childhood, parents, rejection, emotional warmth, overprotection, criminal types


The present research  investigated differences in childhood memories of parental rejection, emotional warmth and overprotection among five criminal types, who were in prison as punishment by court of law for involving in first –degree murder, robbery, rape, drug trafficking and kidnapping. In this comparative groups design was utilized. Through purposive sampling 100 criminals, 20 each from five criminal types were selected from central Jail Karachi. The mean age of criminals was 34.65 years, and their SD was 7.40.  Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran (EMBU- Short Form) Urdu Version was administered. Results after application of ANOVA explains that there is insignificant difference among five types of criminals in their perceived father‘s and mother’s childhood rejection as well as perceived father’s overprotection. They also vary significantly on perceived childhood father’s and mother’s emotional warmth. Bonferroni indicates that those involved in first degree murder experienced less father’s emotional warmth during their childhood as compared to those involved in drug trafficking. Further kidnappers experienced less maternal childhood emotional warmth as compared to those involved in drug trafficking. But mother’s overprotection difference was not found among five types of criminals. Hence it is clear that parental rejection is the major variable perceived in similar way by all types of criminals but their perception differ on other parental child rearing patterns.

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